Tea 101: Understanding the Different Types of Teas
"A cup of tea a day can make you healthy and strong"
Tea is an ancient drink that has become an important part of many people’s lives. It is a complete solution for the mind, body and soul. Tea is a beverage that is made from the cured leaved of the plant Camellia sinensis. Aside water; tea is the second most consumed beverage in the world. The differences between teas arise from processing, growing conditions, and geography. There are several varieties of tea you can choose from. Drinking tea has many medical benefits. It can help improve health and rejuvenate the body. Let us understand the different types of teas available.
Black tea is a type of tea that is more oxidized than green, white and oolong tea to give a strong, full-bodied flavor. Black tea is harvested from the leaves of Camellia sinensis plant that is fully oxidized. Black teas are processed in either of two ways, Orthodox, or CTC (Crush, Tear, Curl). Orthodox teas are loose tea leaves produced using the traditional style (plucking, withering, rolling, oxidation and drying). Whereas, CTC requires more advanced methods in which in which black tea leaves are run through a series of cylindrical rollers to crush, tear and curl leaves before oxidation process. Chai is a very popular variety of black tea and is consumed commonly all across India. It is prepared using milk and sugar. There are several health benefits of black tea that helps in conditions like high cholesterol, diabetes and high blood pressure.
Flavor Profile of Black tea:
Flavors range from malt like flavor to earthy to fruity and floral elements.
Mellow and clean
dark brown or reddish amber when brewed.
Popular Varieties of Black tea:
Earl Grey, Assam tea, English breakfast tea and Darjeeling tea.
Green tea is a very common beverage across India and China. It is made from Camila sinensis but does not go through the same process of oxidation. Green tea is unoxidized, and has less caffeine than black tea. It goes through a multi-step production process where the leaves are harvested and withered to reduce the moisture. It is widely consumed because green tea is packed full of health promoting compounds. Green tea may increase fat burning, helps prevent cancer, and can lower cholesterol. It is considered as the healthiest drink one can have.
Flavor Profile of Green Tea:
Flavors range from grassy/vegetal to toasty to seaweed like.
vegetal and legume-like.
light green or pale yellow when brewed.
Popular Varieties of Green Tea:
Dragonwell green tea, Gunpowder green tea, Matcha, and Sencha.
Oolong tea is made from the same plant that produces black and green tea. While black tea is fully oxidized and green tea is not oxidized, Oolong tea is semi-oxidized which makes the tea stronger than green tea but milder than black tea. The caffeine content in the tea ranges somewhere between green tea and black tea. It relieves stress, promotes heart health, fights cancer and improves skin health.
Flavor and Aroma:
Flavor can range from light to full bodied, floral to grassy, and sweet to toasty.
Mellow notes of flowers, pulpy fruit, wood
Hue of the brewed tea can vary from green to golden to brown.
Popular Varieties of Oolong Tea:
Dan Cong and Tie Guan Yin
White tea is a very delicate type of tea variety and is processed minimally. Like green tea, white tea is not oxidized. The tea has less caffeine than black or green tea. There are several impressive health benefits of white tea like weight loss, boost immunity, promotes heart health.
Flavor of White Tea:
White tea overall has a subtle flavor that delicate, fruity and naturally sweet.
Floral and fruity
Very pale green or yellow.
Popular Varieties of Oolong Tea:
White peony and Silver needle
Tisane tea gives an extremely tasteful experience. Tisanes are a part of the tea culture but they are not technically a true tea (green tea, black tea, oolong, etc.). Herbal tea doesn't come from tea leaves instead, these teas are made by infusing dried fruits, spices, herbs, flowers. This tea type is caffeine free. Different varieties serve different purposes. These teas can help in weight loss, relieve stress and anxiety, support healthier sleep and also can help relieve nausea, stomach pain, cramping.
Flavor of Tisane Tea:
There are thousands of flavors when it comes to herbal teas. Flavor ranges from light to bitter to fruity to floral to earthy depending on the tisane.
Fresh and minty to summery ,soft, floral and mellow.
Hue depends on the tisane, hibiscus is red brewed, and butterfly pea flower gives a deep blue color .
Popular Varieties of Tisane Tea:
Rose buds, butterfly pea flower, Lavender, rose, hibiscus and Chamomile
Wellness teas are specially prepared with ingredients that are supposed to boost metabolism, focus, immunity, and more. These tea focuses more on everyday health. Wellness teas have several benefits that support everything from immune function, to digestion to perfect skin tone. A cup of wellness tea is all that is needed to cast its spell. It can offer an ideal body and mind balance and helps us achieve a healthy lifestyle.
Are you a tea lover? Take your pick from some of the finest teas available at mydejabrew.com.